♦ proof

♦ proof
♦ proof (1) /pru:f/
n.
1 [uc] prova (anche leg.); saggio; dimostrazione; verifica: to put a theory to the proof, mettere alla prova una teoria; absolute proof, prova incontrovertibile; concrete proof, prova concreta; tangible proof, prova tangibile (o prove tangibili); I gave him a present as (a) proof of my esteem, gli feci un dono come dimostrazione della mia stima
2 (mat.) dimostrazione
3 [uc] (tipogr.) prove di stampa; bozza, bozze: The book is still in proof, il libro è ancora in bozze; to read the proofs, leggere (o correggere) le bozze
4 (tecn.) positivo di uno stampo
5 (arte, fotogr.) provino
6 [u] (tecn.) gradazione alcolica standard: (di whisky, ecc.) under proof, che ha un numero insufficiente di gradi d'alcol
● (filos., mat.) proof by contradiction, dimostrazione per assurdo □ proof correction, correzione di bozze □ (leg.) proof of claim (o of debts), insinuazione di crediti (in un fallimento) □ proof of funds, dimostrazione del possesso di mezzi finanziari □ proof paper, carta per bozze □ proof positive, prova certa; prova inoppugnabile; (med.) positivo al controllo □ (tipogr.) proof press, tirabozze, torchio per bozze □ (tipogr.) proof puller, tirabozze (addetto) □ (tipogr.) proof-pulling, tiratura delle bozze □ proof-reader to proof-read □ (tipogr.) proof-sheet, bozza di prova; stampone □ (prov.) The proof of the pudding is in the eating, quello che conta sono i fatti, non le parole; se son rose fioriranno.
proof (2) /pru:f/
a.
1 (spec. nei composti) inattaccabile; a prova di; anti- (pref.): to be proof against criticism [temptations], essere inattaccabile dalle critiche [tetragono alle tentazioni]; (econ.) inflation-proof, a prova d'inflazione; a bomb-proof shelter, un rifugio a prova di bomba; a bullet-proof vest, un giubbotto antiproiettile
2 (tecn.: di bevanda alcolica) che ha un certo numero di gradi: Whisky is 43 proof, il whisky ha 43 gradi
● (tecn.) proof spirit, gradazione alcolica standard.
(to) proof /pru:f/
v. t.
1 (tecn.) rendere (un materiale) resistente; (spec.) rendere impermeabile; impermeabilizzare
2 (tipogr.) tirare una bozza di
3 correggere le bozze di (un libro, ecc.)
● (comput.) proofing tools, strumenti di correzione.

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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